How to Do the Research in stock market.

April 1, 2009

When researching an investment there are typically five documents you want to get your hands on to research the relative merit of a potential stock:

1.The 10K – this is the annual filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

2.The most recent 10Q – this is the quarterly filing with the SEC

3.Proxy statement – includes information on the Board of Directors as well as management pay and shareholder proposals

4.The most recent annual report – read the report from the Chairman, CEO, and sometimes CFO or other high-ranking officers to see how they view the business. Not all annual reports are created equally. Generally, the best in the business is considered to be the one written by Warren Buffett at Berkshire Hathaway, which you can download from free on their corporate site.

5.A statistical showing going back five or ten years. Several firms prepare this type of information, mostly for a subscription, such as a Morningstar, Value Line, S&P, and Moody’s.

The Three Financial Statements :-

There are three financial statements you’ll want to examine closely:

  1. The income statement
  2. The balance sheet
  3. The cash flow statement

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